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More Fruits or Fewer?

少吃水果或多吃水果?

许多人认为健康的饮食少不了水果。可是,你选对水果了吗?此文章讨论各种水果的不同性质,别再犹豫!快看看你到底有没有选对适合你的水果!

中医认为不同水果拥有不同性质。我们把它分为寒-凉-平-温-热。这不是它们的温度而是它们对我们身体所产生的反应。同时,不同体质的人也有不同的反应。有的人是内寒体质,有的呢却是内热。内寒体质的最好选温和热的水果,相反内热体质的最好选偏寒和凉的水果。性质平和的水果适合给所有人。例如,我是偏热体质可是我却食用偏温和热的水果,因此我会感觉不舒。普通的症状有如泛酸,便秘,口生疮,痰多之类的。所以,选择对自己体质适合的水果非常重要以维持健康。

以下就是各种不同的水果和它们的性质:

1. 苹果(凉)
体质偏凉的人不应该选择苹果。苹果可以增强身体代谢。

2. 香蕉 (凉)
便秘病人的救星。香蕉润肠通便。不适合泄泻病人。

3. 椰子 (平和-微温)
适合给疲惫的人。能够滋养身体。体质偏热的人不宜多食。

4. 葡萄 (平和-温)
葡萄滋养血和肾。对心脏好。

5. 柠檬 (平和)
女性的最爱,滋润皮肤。新鲜的柠檬汁陪温水和一点点的盐可以去痰。同时也能治感冒比如喉咙痛。

6. 龙眼(温-热)
龙眼滋养身体。不适合痛风病人。

7. 荔枝(热)
荔枝温肾,可是不适合痛风或消渴病人(糖尿病人)。

8. 芒果(平和-微温)
芒果对皮肤好和能够降低血压。可是有湿疹或气喘病人就不能食用。

9. 橙(平和)
橙增强免疫系统。

10. 木瓜(平和-微凉)
有助于消化系统。

11. 桃(温)
年轻肌肤的良药。可是不能吃太多否侧肠胃不舒。

12. 梨(凉-寒)
热咳病人的良药。

13. 黄梨(温)
高纤维,帮助消化。气喘病人不能食用因为会激发过敏反应。

14. 蜜瓜(凉)
不适于咳嗽和气喘病人。

15. 西瓜(凉-寒)
夏天的粮食。它能够清湿热。不适于微寒的人。

More Fruits or Fewer?

When talking about a healthy diet most people agree that fruit is good for your health. However, are the fruits you picked up really help you to maintain your health? Let’s talk about fruits and their different characters and see which fruits are more suitable for your condition!

Chinese medicine considers that different fruits have different characters. We can roughly classify them as cold – cool – mild – warm – hot. This is not about their temperature; this is about their effects to the body when people eat them. In the mean time, different people have their own conditions as well. Some people may have internal cold condition; on the other hand, some people may have internal hot condition. People with cold internal conditions are better to choose warm or hot character fruits, and people with hot internal conditions are better to choice cool or cold character fruits. Fruits with mild characters are suitable for almost everyone. For example, if I have internal hot condition and I eat some hot character fruits, as a result I may feel not so comfortable. The common symptoms are a heart burn, constipation, sore spots in mouth, more phlegm, and so on. So, choose your fruits correctly are important to maintain your health.

The common fruits and their characters are listed as below:

1. Apple (cool)
People with internal cold condition should not choose apple as the first choice of fruit. It can help increase metabolism.

2. Banana (cool)
Banana is good for constipation patients. It can moisture the intestine and increase bowel movement. But it is not suitable for diarrhea patients.

3. Coconut (mild to slightly warm)
Coconut is good fruit for weak or tiredness people. It can nourish the body. But people with internal heat are not suitable for taking coconut.

4. Grape (mild to warm)
Grape can nourish blood and kidney. It is good for the heart as well.

5. Lemon (mild)
Lemon is lady’s fruit and good for skin. Fresh lemon juice with warm water and a little bit salt can help clean-up phlegm. It is also help to release flu syndromes such as sore throat.

6. Longan (warm to hot)
Longan can nourish the body. But it is not suitable for people with gout.

7. Lychee (hot)
Lychee can warm up kidney. However, it is not suitable for people with gout or diabetes.

8. Mango (mild to slightly warm)
Mango is good for skin moisture and has effect for decrease blood pressure. But it is not suitable for people with eczema or asthma.

9. Orange (mild)
Orange can help enhancing the immune system.

10. Pawpaw (mild to slightly cool)
It is good to the digest system.

11. Peach (warm)
Peach is good for youthful skin. But do not eat too much, it may cause stomach uncomfortable.

12. Pear (cool to cold)
Pear is good fruit for hot coughing patients.

13. Pineapple (warm)
Pineapple is high in fibre and can help for digest system. But people with asthma are not suitable to take pineapple which can trigger allergy reaction.

14. Rock melon (cool)
It is not suitable for coughing or asthma patients.

15. Watermelon (cool to cold)
Watermelon is the ideal fruit for summer. It can clean the heat and dampness inside body. However, it is not suitable for people with stomach cold.

source:  INTI IU TCM Club 英迪国际大学中医社

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